Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Dust Bowl Drought Causes,

The Dust Bowl was not only one of the worst droughts in United States history, but is generally thought of as the worst and most prolonged disaster in American history. The effects of the Dust Bowl drought devastated the United States central states region known as the Great Plains (or High Plains). At the same time, the climatic effects all but dried up an already depressed American economy in the 1930s creating millions of dollars in damages. A Region Already Prone to Drought The Plains region of the United States has a semi-arid, or steppe climate. The next driest to desert climates, semi-arid climates receive less than 20 inches (510 mm) of rainfall per year which makes drought a serious weather hazard.   The plains are a broad expanse of flat land positioned to the east of the Rocky Mountains. Air flows down the lee slope of the mountains, then warms and rushes out across the flat land. Although there are periods of average or above average rainfall, they alternate with periods of below average rainfall, creating episodic, recurrent drought.   The Rain Follows the Plow Known as the Great American Desert to early European and American explorers, the Great Plains was first thought to be unsuitable for pioneer settlement and agriculture thanks to the lack of surface water.   Unfortunately, an unusually wet period in the second half of the 19th century gave rise to the pseudoscience theory that establishing farming would bring about a permanent increase in rainfall. Some researchers promoted dryland farming, such as the Campbell method, which combined subsurface packing–the creation of a hard layer about 4 inches below the surface—and soil mulch–a layer of loose soil at the surface.   Farmers began using the Campbell method to conduct large scale farming in the 1910s and 1920s, while the climate was somewhat wetter. When the drought hit in the late 20s, though, the farmers didnt have enough experience to have learned what the best tillage practices and equipment would be best for the steppe lands.   Heavy Debt Load   In the late 1910s, prices for wheat, the main Dust Bowl crop, were quite high due to demands for feeding people during World War I. Farmers used emerging tractor technologies to work the land and although tractors lowered labor costs and allowed the farmers to work larger acreages of land, the higher capital costs required for tractors resulted in mortgages on farms. The Federal government became involved in farm credit during the 1910s, making mortgages easier to obtain.   But in the 1920s, crop prices dropped as production increased, and reached minimum levels after the crash of the economy in 1929. Low crop prices were paired with poor harvests due to the drought but exacerbated by infestations of rabbits and grasshoppers.  When all those conditions came together, many farmers had no choice but to declare bankruptcy. Drought   A research study in 2004 by NASA senior research scientist Siegfried Schubert and colleagues found that precipitation in the Great Plains is sensitive to global sea surface temperatures (SSTs) which varied at the time. American research meteorologist Martin Hoerling and colleagues at NOAA suggest instead that the main reason for the drop in rainfall for the region between 1932 and 1939 was triggered by random atmospheric variability. But whatever the cause of the drought, the ending of the wetter period in the plains between 1930 and 1940 couldnt have come at a worse time.   The prolonged drought was made much worse by a fundamental misunderstanding of high plains environment, and the utilization of methods which called for a thin layer of dust to be purposefully exposed on the surface for large parts of the summer. Dust transmits influenza virus and measles and combined with the economic depression, the Dust Bowl period brought a  significant increase in the number of measles cases, respiratory disorders and increased infant and overall mortality in the plains.   Sources and Further Reading   Alexander, Robert, Connie Nugent, and Kenneth Nugent. The Dust Bowl in the Us: An Analysis Based on Current Environmental and Clinical Studies. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences 356.2 (2018): 90–96. Print.Hansen, Zeynep K., and Gary D. Libecap. Small Farms, Externalities, and the Dust Bowl of the 1930s. Journal of Political Economy 112.3 (2004): 665–94. Print.Hoerling, Martin, Xiao-Wei Quan, and Jon Eischeid. Distinct Causes for Two Principal U.S. Droughts of the 20th Century. Geophysical Research Letters 36.19 (2009). Print.Kite, Steven, Shelly Lemons, and Jennifer Paustenbaugh. Dust, Drought, and Dreams Gone Dry Oral History Project. Edmon Low Library, Oklahoma State University,  Lee, Jeffrey A., and Thomas E. Gill. Multiple Causes of Wind Erosion in the Dust Bowl. Aeolian Research 19 (2015): 15–36. Print.Schubert, Siegfried D., et al. On the Cause of the 1930s Dust Bowl. Science 303.5665 (2004): 1855–59. Print.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Big Brothers Essay - 943 Words

Becoming a mentor can have a tremendous impact on the life of a youngster. Children need someone to look up to that doesn’t necessarily need be a part of their immediate family. Sometimes they have no siblings, or maybe their siblings or parents are busy. Perhaps they have no grandparents to do things with. These children are the ones that spend their afternoons in crowded after school programs where they may not get the attention the crave. This may lead to isolation and oppositely over hyperactive children starved for attention. In other cases, some children who are not so fortunate as to be offered after-school programs are subject to the world outside all on their own. In too many cases, these are the children that become statistics.†¦show more content†¦No matter how trivial the obstacle, children should not have to live in fear or feel as if they are alone and have no one to talk to. This happens in too many instances, and just a simple friend could have made al l the difference. Though juvenile crimes are not on the rise, according to the National Center for Juvenile Justice, 18% of all arrests in the US are youths under the age of 18. Most of these crimes include rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Students ages 12–18 were victims of an estimated 2.1 million in-school thefts in 1996—62% of all crimes in school. Students ages 12–18 were victims of an estimated 1.6 million thefts away from school in 1996—53% of all crimes against students away from school. Even if crime isn’t on the rise with school-aged children, problems do exist. These are problems that will not go away by themselves and all the metal detectors and safety measures will not keep kids safe outside of school. It is easy to say that the kids are misunderstood. Just a satisfying excuse to the behaviors of troubled kids. It doesn’t have to be that way. Directly quoted from the big brother/big sister web site is the following mission statement: Big Brothers Big Sisters of America have matched millions of children in need with caring adult mentors since 1904. Research shows that children with Big Brothers and Big Sisters are less likely to use drugs and alcohol, skip school, andShow MoreRelatedCultural And Artistic Values And The Success Of Big Brother2750 Words   |  11 Pagessuccess of Big Brother By Hasanein K Amori Big Brother is an example of a distinctive game doc that caused a transitional stage to traditional documentary and reality genre. Therefore, this essay will delve into its artistic and cultural value that award the show this distinction. The work will approach different dimensions evaluating the programme through a hierarchy of concepts. 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No one wantsRead MoreEssay on Argument Against Reality Television852 Words   |  4 PagesTelevision reflect appallingly on our media culture, but it corrupts the mind of youngsters, giving them twisted views on society. What person are you becoming if you are sitting there daydreaming about who is going to be evicted from Big Brother? Well, youre the one the needs a snap back to realityà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ One of the attractions of reality television is the supposed reality of it - unscripted and unplanned situations and reactions. One of the ethical problems of realityRead MoreWhat Is A Voyeur? Essay1583 Words   |  7 Pagesreality television shows. While flipping through the channels, you can’t help but take notice of all the reality shows you have access to at the touch of a button. With the rising popularity of movie’s and reality shows like The Kardashians, Big Brother and The Truman Show, these shows accommodate television viewers of their voyeuristic needs. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Do Hackers Perform A Service Essay Research free essay sample

Do Hackers Perform A Service Essay, Research Paper David Danforth Seminar paper 02/16/01 Do # 8216 ; Hackers # 8217 ; Provide a service or are they Criminals? Today the media paint a assorted image for the public refering the function hacker # 8217 ; s drama in our society. On the one manus they praise the accomplishment hackers display when interrupting into secure webs and bringing mayhem with cagey viruses. At the same clip they dramatize the amendss and criminalize the activities. The culprits are painted out to be terrorists. This assorted message begs the inquiry as to whether or non we should see hackers as felons or thank them for indicating out security jobs in sensitive webs. If we as the general populace were incognizant of the hazards associated with utilizing the Internet to make concern or present personal information and hacker activities exposed us to this cognition we might see them as holding helped us. We so would be more careful to protect ourselves. We will write a custom essay sample on Do Hackers Perform A Service Essay Research or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page If hackers showed system decision makers weaknesses they were incognizant of in their web security without damaging the web they might so be viewed as a possible approval. The world is nevertheless that the populace is cognizant of the hazards they are exposed to on the Internet and the computing machine industry is cognizant of the demand for and failings of security steps in networking already. Hence, no value is generated from hackers taking advantage of the known defects in order to play a game of cat and mouse with other peoples belongings. Furthermore since virus-scanning package is expensive and widely used hackers are bing the public minute Ney and resources to protect themselves from their onslaughts. There are Torahs in every province that reference hacker activities either straight or as an extension of bing Torahs. These Torahs set reasonably clear guidelines on what is considered legal and non legal to make within the kingdom of computing machine usage. If a individual violates these Torahs so they have committed a offense. If you or I break into a house or concern and destroy belongings we will anticipate to be held accountable. Hackers are no different are should anticipate the same intervention. If I break into a house and watch the proprietors Television or read their personal files I have trespassed and violated the jurisprudence the same is true for a hacker who breaks into a computing machine web and accessed confidential information. The Federal Government has Torahs refering computing machine usage ; privateness of information, trespass and belongings rights that besides apply to the typical activities carried on by the mean hacker. Clearly it is a offense to prosecute in or prosecute any activities in misdemeanor of these Torahs. The decision we should all come to is that hackers are felons by definition of their activities and should non be glamorized by the media. We do non praise bank robbers or burglars for short-circuiting the security of our place or nest eggs and loan. A clever or originative felon can non be excused of his or her offenses. If we continue to make this we encourage them to go on and set ourselves at hazard. Furthermore they need to anticipate to pay the effects for their actions. We will all profit by clearly understanding that a hacker is a condemnable and non to be praised or admired by our kids or us.

Friday, April 10, 2020

Athletic Shoe and Nike Brand free essay sample

Inc.Summary NIKE, Inc. , together with its subsidiaries, engages in the design, development, marketing, and sale of footwear, apparel, equipment, and accessories for men, women, and children worldwide. The company offers products in seven categories, including running, basketball, football, men? s training, women? s training, NIKE sportswear, and action sports. It also markets products designed for kids, as well as for other athletic and recreational uses, such as baseball, cricket, golf, lacrosse, outdoor activities, football, tennis, volleyball, walking, and wrestling. In addition, the company sells sports apparel and accessories, and athletic bags and accessory items, as well as markets apparel with licensed college and professional team and league logos. Further, it sells a range of performance equipment, including bags, socks, sport balls, eyewear, timepieces, digital devices, bats, gloves, protective equipment, golf clubs, and other equipment for sports activities under the NIKE Brand name; and various plastic products to other manufacturers. Additionally, the company has license agreements that enable unaffiliated parties to manufacture and sell apparel, digital devices, and applications and other equipment designed for sports activities. We will write a custom essay sample on Athletic Shoe and Nike Brand or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page It also designs, distributes, and licenses athletic and casual footwear, apparel and accessories under the Converse, Chuck Taylor, All Star, One Star, Star Chevron, and Jack Purcell trademarks; and designs and distributes various action sports and youth lifestyle apparel and accessories under the Hurley trademark. The company sells its products to through its retail stores and Internet sales, as well as independent distributors, licensees, and sales representatives NIKE, Inc. was founded in 1964 and is headquartered in Beaverton, Oregon. VISION STATEMENT OF NIKE â€Å"To bring inspiration and innovation to every athlete in the world† MISSION STATEMENT Nike is the largest seller of athletic footwear and athletic apparel in the world. Performance and reliability of shoes, apparel, and equipment, new product development, price, product identity through marketing and romotion, and customer support and service are important aspects of competition in the athletic footwear, apparel, and equipment industry. We believe we are competitive in all of these areas. The company aims to lead in corporate citizenship through proactive programs that reflect caring for the world family of Nike, our teammates, our consumers, and those who provide services to Nike. History: Nike, originally known as Blue Ribbon Sports (BRS), was founded by  University of Oregon  track athlete Philip Knight and his coach Bill Bowerman in January 1964. The company initially operated as a distributor for Japanese shoe maker  Onitsuka Tiger  (now  ASICS), making most sales at track meets out of Knights automobile. In 1966, BRS opened its first retail store, located at 3107 Pico Boulevard in  Santa Monica, California. By 1971, the relationship between BRS and Onitsuka Tiger was nearing an end. BRS prepared to launch its own line of footwear, which would bear the  Swoosh  newly designed by  Carolyn Davidson. The Swoosh was first used by Nike on June 18, 1971, and was registered with the  U. S. Patent and Trademark Office  on January 22, 1974. In 1976, the company hired John Brown and Partners, based in Seattle, as its first advertising agency. The following year, the agency created the first brand ad for Nike, called There is no finish line, in which no Nike product was shown. By 1980, Nike had attained a 50% market share in the U. S. athletic shoe market, and the company went public in December of that year. Together, Nike and Wieden+Kennedy have created many print and television advertisements, and Wieden+Kennedy remains Nikes primary ad agency. It was agency co-founder Dan  who coined the now-famous slogan Just Do It for a 1988 Nike ad campaign. Throughout the 1980s, Nike expanded its product line to encompass many sports and regions throughout the world. Nike  Facts * Nike first went under the name â€Å"Blue Ribbon Sports†. * The name â€Å"Nike† comes from the Greek goddess of victory. * Ilie Nastase, a tennis star, was the first pro athlete to sign with Nike. * Nike has many marketing names, such as Nike Golf, Nike Pro, Nike+, Air Jordan, Nike Skateboarding, Team Starter, and subsidiaries like Bauer, Cole Haan, Hurley International, Umbro and Converse. * Nike has factories in 45 countries around the world. Nike’s first self-designed product was based on Bowerman’s â€Å"waffle† design in which the sole of the shoe was made by the pattern of a waffle iron. * Nike has a history of  using inhumane labor practices to produce their products. * Nike has acknowledged these labor problems in the past and has promised to change  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã ‚   * Nike factories violated local minimum wage laws, payed subsistence wages and illegally forced massive overtime. * Nike factories subjected workers (90% young women and girls) to criminally dangerous, brutal sweatshops. * Nike supported military dictatorships that crush labor unions and worker protest. Nike  FY06 revenues were approximately $15 billion. They are the world’s leading designer, marketer and distributor of authentic athletic footwear, apparel, equipment and accessories for a wide variety of sports and fitness activities. * Nike  produces approximately 50,000 product styles per year. * Nike  sells products in more than 160 countries. * Nike has approximately 28,000 employees worldwide. * Almost 800,000 workers are employed in contracted factories around the world making Nike-branded products. * Nike operations (owned and not directly owned) contribute to approximately 1. 36 million tonnes of CO2 annually. Brand Portfolio Acquisitions As of September 2012, Nike, Inc. owns four key subsidiaries:   * Cole Haan, designs and distributes dress and casual footwear, apparel, and accessories for men and women * Converse Inc. , offers a diverse portfolio including premium lifestyle mens and womens footwear and apparel. * Hurley International LLC. , designs and distributes a line of action sports apparel for surfing, skateboarding and snowboarding, and youth lifestyle apparel and footwear * NIKE Golf, designs and markets golf equipment, apparel, balls, footwear, bags and accessories worldwide. * Umbro. Ltd. , designs, distributes, and licenses athletic and casual footwear, apparel and equipment, primarily for the sport of football (soccer) * Nike id, NikeID  is a service provided by  Nike  allowing customers to personalize and design their own Nike merchandise. They offer online services as well as physical NikeID studios in different countries around the world, including: United Kingdom, France, Spain, Germany, China and the USA. Products: Nike produces a wide range of sports equipment. Their first products were track running shoes. They currently also make shoes, jerseys, shorts,  base layers, etc. or a wide range of sports, including track and field, baseball,  ice hockey, tennis, association football (soccer),  lacrosse, basketball, and  cricket. Nike Air Max  is a line of shoes first released by Nike, Inc. in 1987. The most recent additions to their line are the Nike 6. 0, Nike NYX, and  Nike SB  shoes, designed for  skateboarding. Nike has recently intro duced cricket shoes called Air Zoom Yorker, designed to be 30% lighter than their competitors  In 2008, Nike introduced the Air Jordan XX3, a high-performance basketball shoe designed with the environment in mind. Nike is well known and popular in  youth culture, chav  culture and  hip hop culture  for their supplying of  urban fashion  clothing. Nike recently teamed up with  Apple Inc. to produce the Nike+  product that monitors a runners performance via a radio device in the shoe that links to the  iPod nano. In 2004, Nike launched the  SPARQ Training Program/Division. Some of Nikes newest shoes contain  Fly wire  and Linarite Foam to reduce weight. Organizational Structure Structure Nike has a matrix structure; it is a combination between the functional and the divisional structure. Nike consists of 5 departments: HR, Marketing Sale, Accounting, Production, and Design Development that cooperate with each others very well. Nike does not manufacture its own products; Nike signed contracts with the factories to produce their products. In Vietnam, Nike signed contract with 12 factories to produce for them and to control the production process, Nike has many production teams and each team is responsible for 1 factory. Each production team include of a team leader, quality staff, quantity staff, technical staff and scheduling staff. Information Flow Nike operates efficiency due to having a smoothly information flow within the company. Information can be divided into 2 kinds: general information and technical information. General Information: is information about administration, about the general working of the whole company or an announcement from the CEO. Those types of information usually flow from top to bottom, from the CEO, vice presidents to the operational employees. General information is usually connection between the departments in the company. Nike also has an intranet and a mail system to ensure the information flow smoothly inside the company. Technical information: is information regarding to the products. It flows sideways; it can flow horizontally or vertically within the organization. This kind of information usually comes from the Design Development or Production department and then it flow back to the top and flow throughout the departments. It also flows through the intranet and mail system however this kind of information is used only by certain group of users who are involved with the products. Competitors of Nike and There Market Share: Nike currently enjoys a 47% market share of the domestic footwear industry, with sales of $3. 77 billion. Nike has been manufacturing throughout the Asian region for over twenty-five years, and there are over 500,000 people today directly engaged in the production of their products. They utilize an outsourcing strategy, using only subcontractors throughout the globe. Their majority of their output today is produced in factories in China, Indonesia, and Vietnam, but they also have factories in Italy, the Philippines, Taiwan, and South Korea. These factories are 100% owned by subcontractors, with the majority of their output consisting solely of Nike products. However, Nike does employ teams of four expatriates per each of the big three countries (China, Indonesia, Vietnam), that focus on both quality of product and quality of working conditions, visiting the factories weekly. Reebok, as the second leading manufacturer of footwear, has domestic revenues of $1. 28 billion and a market share of 16%. Similar to Nike, they also utilize a 100% outsourcing strategy and manufacture their products throughout Asia. Adidas is currently enjoying the fastest growth of any brand domestically, with a market share of 6% and revenues of $500 million. They have adjusted their manufacturing strategy, from a vertical operation in Germany in the 60’s and 70’s, to an outsourcing focus today throughout Asia. Unlike the big two, they do not have a code of conduct, and their factories are considered to be the worst in the industry. Converse with a market share of 3% and revenues of $280 million, Converse manufactures their products both domestically and internationally. SWOT ANALYSIS STRENGTHS * Recognized brand name * Strong in research and development * Strong marketing campaign * Diverse portfolio * Successful advertising campaigns * Customer loyalty * Strong financial position * Strong international presence| WEAKNESSES * Products are highly priced * Revenues are mostly dependent on footwear sales * History for violations of minimum wages, child labor in its manufacturing countries * Little control over quality of products from 3rd party contractors * Use of contract manufacturing in foreign countries has the potential to create financial problems due to foreign currency fluctuations and interest rate changes. * Price sensitivity of products| OPPORTUNITIES * Creating footwear that would incorporate recycled materials from their own production lines and other places. * Promotion as a fashionable wear, not just a sportswear. * Growing segment of female athletes. * International expansion into emerging markets i. e. India. Additional marketing of existing products to appeal to new demographic groups. * Develop new alliances with companies that are respected regarding social responsibility. * Brand reorganization by market region| THREATS * High competitive industry * Failure to respond to the market trends in timely manner could greatly affect financial position. * Production of imitation goods and general products. * Negative public perception created by environmental, child labor, contracted manufacturing issues and sponsored athletes. * International currency changes could decrease profits. * Federal trade regulations in dealing with foreign manufactures. | | Strengths| Weaknesses| Recognized brand nameStrong in research and developmentStrong marketing campaignDiverse portfolioSuccessful advertising campaignsCustomer loyaltyStrong financial positionStrong international presence| Products are highly pricedRevenues are mostly dependent on footwear salesHistory for violations of minimum wages, child la bor and over times in its manufacturing countriesLittle control over quality of products from 3rd party contractorsUse of contract manufacturing has the potential to create financial problems Price sensitivity of products| Opportunities| S-O Strategies| W-O Strategies| Creating footwear that would incorporate recycled materialsPromotion as a fashionable wear. Growing segment of female athletes. International expansion into emerging markets i. e. India. Additional marketing of existing products to appeal to new demographic groups. Develop new alliances with companies that are respected regarding social responsibility. Brand reorganization by market region| With the help of brand image and effective RD Nike can focus on Growing E-commerce Market expansionIncrease marketingUnrelated diversification| Product DevelopmentBetter employment practices| Threats| S-T Strategies| W-T Strategies| High competitive industryFailure to respond to the market trends in time. Production of counterfeit goods and generic products. Negative public perception. International currency changes could decrease profits. Federal trade regulations in dealing with foreign manufactures. | Focus on Alternative brandsMarket penetrationBackward integrationPromote company as an ethical company. Come up with innovated and creative ideas for product development| BCG MATRIX STARSHigh growth rate and high market share * Cole haan * Nike id| QUESTION MARKHigh growth rate and low market share * Hurley * Converse * Nike + apple product| CASH COWLow growth rate and high market share * Nike brand| DOGSLow growth rate and low market share * Ni ke skateboarding known as Nike sb| Proposed Strategies * Build Market Share: Make further investments (for example, to maintain Star status, or turn a Question Mark into a Star) * Get rid of the Dogs, and use the capital to invest in Stars and some Question Marks. Areas of Improvement Nike has strong competitive position as well as fast market growth rate. As the market growth is fast customer needs are vary immediately, same like Nike has strong competitive position as compared to their competitors so these are the strategies which are more suitable for maintaining the Nike position: * Market penetration: Nike should increase the market share of an existing product, or promoting a new product, through strategies such as bundling, advertising, lower prices, or volume discounts. * Backward integration: Due to backward integration Nike purchase of suppliers. Companies will pursue backward integration  when it will result in improved efficiency and cost savings. For example, backward integration might cut transportation costs, improve profit margins and make the firm more competition. * Forward integration: Due to forward integration Nike get the  controls of  the direct distribution of its products. * Horizontal integration: Nike will acquire the additional business activities that are at the same level of the value chain in similar or different industries. * Related diversification: we use related diversification because market is growing for that particular industry in which we are moving. Strategy Recommendation Conclusion Appropriate strategy for Nike Inc. ,  is Market Development. * Nike should remain in the present business and should introduce present products in more countries by improving their image. Keep expanding into current and future foreign markets by being aggressive and the worldwide leader of the footwear industry. * A lot of people don’t know that it has subsidiaries which are dealing in apparel clothing in dustry so Nike Inc. should have more strong marketing strategy to build awareness among the consumers that is how the sales will be increased. * Implement product diversification with company’s newest technologies so resulting increased earnings could be reinvested into RD plans. * Nike Inc. can improve its position more by expanding more geographically although it has manufacturing factories in developing countries but it should offer its products by targeting these countries too so that they will have an international brand strength. It should make more strong management strategies so that it won’t have to face the corporate governance issues or ethical issues. * Nike Inc. due to its subsidiary has gone for unrelated diversification which was a risky decision and bared some losses therefore it should follow related diversification. * Due to its high most of the middle class people doesn’t go for the brand they should reduce their prices as the Nike Inc. is already cost efficient company because of its low labor production costs. * They should have more outlets to maximize penetration. References * Nike Annual Reports * www. nikebiz. com (Investor Relations) * www. bigcharts. com

Monday, March 9, 2020

The Golden Notebook, Doris Lessings Feminist Novel

The Golden Notebook, Doris Lessings Feminist Novel Doris Lessings The Golden Notebook was published in 1962. Over the next several years,  feminism  again became a significant movement in the United States, the United Kingdom, and much of the world. The Golden Notebook was seen by many feminists of the 1960s as an influential work that revealed the experience of women in society. Notebooks of a Womans Life The Golden Notebook tells the story of Anna Wulf and her four notebooks of different colors that narrate aspects of her life. The notebook of the title is a fifth, gold-colored notebook in which Annas sanity is questioned as she weaves together the other four notebooks. Annas dreams and diary entries appear throughout the novel. Postmodern Structure The Golden Notebook has autobiographical layers: the character Anna reflects elements of author Doris Lessings own life, while Anna writes an autobiographical novel about her imagined Ella, who writes autobiographical stories. The structure of The Golden Notebook also intertwines the political conflicts and emotional conflicts in the characters lives. Feminism and feminist theory often rejected traditional form and structure in art and literature. The Feminist Art Movement considered rigid form to be a representation of patriarchal society, a male-dominated hierarchy. Feminism and postmodernism often overlap; both theoretical viewpoints can be seen in analysis of The Golden Notebook. A Consciousness-Raising Novel Feminists also responded to the consciousness-raising aspect of The Golden Notebook. Each of Annas four notebooks reflects a different area of her life, and her experiences lead to a larger statement about flawed society as a whole. The idea behind consciousness-raising is that the personal experiences of women should not be separated from the political movement of feminism. In fact, the personal experiences of women reflect the political state of society. Hearing Womens Voices The Golden Notebook was both groundbreaking and controversial. It dealt with womens sexuality and questioned assumptions about their relationships with men. Doris Lessing has often stated that the thoughts expressed in The Golden Notebook should not have come as a surprise to anyone. Women had obviously been saying these things, she said, but had anyone been listening? Is The Golden Notebook a Feminist Novel? Although The Golden Notebook is often hailed by feminists as an important consciousness-raising novel, Doris Lessing has notably downplayed a feminist interpretation of her work. While she may not have set out to write a political novel, her work does illustrate ideas that were relevant to the feminist movement, particularly in the sense that the personal is political. Several years after The Golden Notebook was published, Doris Lessing said that she was a feminist because women were second-class citizens. Her rejection of a feminist reading of The Golden Notebook is not the same as rejecting feminism. She also expressed surprise that while women had long been saying these things, it made all the difference in the world that someone wrote them down. The Golden Notebook was listed as one of the hundred best novels in English by Time magazine. Doris Lessing was awarded the 2007 Nobel Prize in Literature.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Current Market Conditions - Toyota Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Current Market Conditions - Toyota - Essay Example Toyota’s manufacture numbers get to a 726,103 units, which indicated the company’s overall growth of 12%. Due to increased consumption and healthy overall trend Toyota is looking forward to manufacture 9.32 million automobiles in the coming year. It has been estimated that a 9 percent increase in the market share will make Toyota the largest carmaker in the world, leaving behind General Motors, Ford and Honda. Toyota would also be able to end the rule of General Motors (GM) for more than 81 years. Overall an increasing trend in car selling was witnessed among all Japanese companies in last year. The trend is still going on and would increase in the coming year. So it is a healthier sign for Toyota. It has been analyzed due to increased demand for Toyota vehicles all over the world; Toyota has to boost up the supply of their vehicles in the market. It does require more than an increase in the efficiency of current manufacturing capacity. Obviously Toyota would have to install new manufacturing plants and units in different region of the world especially where the production cost is low. The overall increase of 4% in the demand in coming years would have to be served in a way without affecting the supply and demand relation. The analysis shows that major companies in car making industry faced trouble in maintain the equilibrium between demands and supply either due to unaware of the market forecasting or due to failure in increasing the supply. The failure of before time measures to increase capacity went on affecting the market share of those companies even after several years. Toyota is implementing lots of new regulations from government. It has been noticed that the federal government organization in charge for vehicle safety and security is continue to force Toyota to manufacture models of its trucks and pickups less easier for small children and infants. Obviously the argument behind that is to

Thursday, February 6, 2020

English - Argumentative Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Arguments in Favor of the Death Penalty - Essay Example This paper tells that criminals who have no regard to other people’s personhood must face this definitive penalty in order to maintain the community whose footing is in sheer violation, especially if they deliberately do this in distressing persistence thereby making it a routine. Some of the offenses that should be punished through death include repeated crimes, espionage, murder, rape and other sexual crimes, and treason. The death penalty should also be performed as part of martial justice. Any offender convicted of any of the above crimes should face execution executed as punishment over the offense. This is because as the criminal provisions deem them, such since he/she is a repugnant threat to the society. A key reason for supporting capital punishment rests of the morality of execution – once a human being applies force against an innocent person, in reality, he/she has affirmed the fact that that he/she does not conform to the principle of individual rights. It is a sign that he/she wants to live as a predator, to the disadvantage and obliteration of all the people around him/her – he/she is not prepared to live as a logical individual among other people. Rights stem from man’s nature as a logical being, and if a person decides on living irrationally, he/she has does not have rights. Executing such a harmful being is sensible. It is only just for the society if that individual is treated in line with his/her actions. Just as the reward should match the action, the punishment should also fit the crime. This concept is referred to as proportionality and it states that reaction should fit the action. As proportionality holds, the premeditated murder of a guiltless individual justifies a premeditated death penalty of the criminal by the state. The absence of justice would make people take justice in their own hands (Landauer & Rowlands, 2&3). Secondly, the capital sentence leads to deterrence. Deterrence refers to the notion that the state can mete out fear to potential and existing criminals by punishing criminals. An offender will dread being involved in a crime that is punishable by death (Robinson, 3). Without a doubt, the threat that a criminal will face execution prevents him/her from engaging in capital crimes and this works more effectively compared to imprisonment. Given that the society has the greatest interest in the prevention of such capital crimes as murder; it should make use of the death penalty, the strongest form of punishment, to dissuade criminals from engaging in such crimes. According to Tremoglie, in Britain, ever since the abolition of execution in the year 1964, cases of homicide have mounted from 0.68 for every 100,000 to 1 .42 for every 100,000 of the population. Reports from the Home Office indicate that there was an alarming rise in illegitimate killings from 300 to 565 and 833 in 1964, 1994 and 2004 in that order. As opposed to homicide and other illegal killings, the number o f criminals convicted for actual murder crime has as well been increasing rapidly. Tremoglie further notes that in 1965, the first year of death penalty abolition in Britain, fifty-seven and one hundred and seven cases were registered in ten years’ time. He confidently considers capital sentence as a definite deterrent to crime, seeing that criminals who were serving life sentences and later discharged from prisons committed seventy-one murders from 1965-1998. Another point in favor of the death penalty is the fact that it incapacitates the criminal – it takes his/her freedom away in such a way that he/she is not in a position to commit another crime.